Learn About Project Management Professional Exam

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These practice test questions from MeasureUp are based on the new Project Management Institute's (PMI) Project Management Professional (PMP) exam.

PMI will release its new exam — based on the fourth edition of A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) — on June 30. By passing this exam, you earn credit toward the PMP certification. The PMP certification allows you to demonstrate your knowledge and skill in leading project teams and working with schedule, budget and resource constraints.

The references used in these questions are for this book:
A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) Guide – 4th Edition Publisher: Project Management Institute ISBN: 9781933890517

Objective: Framework.
Sub-objective: Understand the framework.

Single answer, multiple-choice

While you were working with your client to develop a statement of work for a new project, you evaluated two alternative solutions. During which process group should you document these alternative solutions?

A.    Initiating.
B.    Planning.
C.    Monitoring and controlling.
D.    Executing.

Answer:
A

Tutorial:
You should document these alternative solutions during the Initiating Process Group. It is important to provide information about why a specific solution was chosen to address the needs and requirements of an organization. Information that you include about why alternative solutions were not chosen will be helpful not only for future projects, but for the current project if the solution that was selected cannot be implemented due to unforeseen factors.

You should not document the alternative solutions during the Planning Process Group. Activities for this process group focus on finalizing the details to include in the project management plan. This plan documents factors related to the scope, cost, quality, resources, risks and schedule for the project.

You should not document the alternative solutions during the Monitoring and Controlling Process Group. Activities for this process group focus on measuring performance of the work in progress and identifying the need for any corrective action.

You should not document the alternative solutions during the Executing Process Group. Activities for this process group focus on performing the work required to accomplish the project’s goals.

Reference:
Initiating Process Group
PMBOK guide, 4th Edition
Chapter 3

Objective: Project scope management.
Sub-objective: Define scope.

Single answer, multiple-choice

For which process would you most likely use alternatives identification?

A.    Create work breakdown structure.
B.    Develop schedule.
C.    Define scope.
D.    Develop project team.

Answer:
C

Tutorial:
Alternatives identification is one of the tools and techniques for the define scope process. Alternatives identification is a technique that you use to develop lists of possible ways to perform project-related work.

You would not use alternatives identification for the Create work breakdown structure (WBS) process. The WBS is a detailed representation of the work for which a project team is responsible. It is a hierarchical structure with work packages at the lowest level of the hierarchy.

You would not use alternatives identification for the Develop Schedule process. Develop schedule focuses on:

 * Creating a viable schedule based on the sequence and duration of project activities.
 * Identifying any constraints and resource requirements.

You would not use alternatives identification for the Develop Project Team process. You use this process to ensure your team members individually and as a team perform at the highest level possible.

Reference:
Define Scope
PMBOK guide, 4th Edition
Chapter 5

Objective: Project procurement management.
Sub-objective: Conduct procurements.

Single answer, multiple-choice

You have a list of the materials that you need to meet requirements for a project that you are managing. During which process group should you obtain bids from vendors for the materials?

A.    Initiating.
B.    Planning.
C.    Executing.
D.    Monitoring and controlling.

Answer:
C

Tutorial:

You should obtain bids from vendors during the executing process group. The formal process by which you obtain the bids is the conduct procurements process.

Note: Vendors also are referred to as “prospective sellers” in the PMBOK.

You do not obtain bids from vendors during the initiating process group. This is the only project group during which you do not perform any procurement-related processes.

You do not obtain bids from vendors during the planning process group. During the plan procurements process of the planning process group, you determine what materials you will need to meet requirements for the project. However, you do not issue requests for bids during this process.

You do not obtain bids from vendors during the monitoring and controlling process group. However, during the administer procurements process associated with this process group, you manage details related to the vendor's contract.

Reference:
Conduct Procurements
PMBOK guide, 4th Edition
Chapter 12

Objective: Project human resource management.
Sub-objective: Develop project team.

Single answer, multiple-choice

For a project you are managing, the members of the project team come from six different departments in your company. You want to encourage cohesion among the team members. What is the best example of a way to reward good performance?

A.    For the duration of the project, select a team member of the month.
B.    When a team member reaches a key project milestone, give that team member a gift certificate.
C.    Randomly select two team members to attend a workshop about a new software application for the project, and have them teach what they learn to the other team members.
D.    If all team members submit their status reports on time, let them leave work an hour early one day.

Answer:
D

Tutorial:
The best example is to let the team members leave work an hour early one day if they all submit their status reports on time. To encourage cohesion among team members, you should reward achievements that all team members can achieve, and the reward should benefit everyone on the team.

You should not select a team member of the month because doing this does not benefit everyone on the team.

You should not give just one team member a gift certificate because doing this does not benefit everyone on the team.

You should not randomly select two team members to attend a workshop about a new software application and have them teach what they learn to the other team members. If you need to send two people to a workshop and have them teach what they learn to others, you should select people who have skills to teach others. Also, other team members may resent that they were not selected to attend the workshop.

Reference:
Develop Project Team: Tools and Techniques
PMBOK guide, 4th Edition
Chapter 9

Objective: Project integration management.
Sub-objective: Close project.

Single answer, multiple-choice

What should you update during the close project or phase process?

A.    Organizational process assets.
B.    Work performance information.
C.    Work breakdown structure (WBS).
D.    Activity list.

Answer:
A

Tutorial:
You should update the organizational process assets during the close project or phase process. Making these updates is one of the outputs of this process.

You do not update the work performance information during the close project or phase process. It is an output of the direct and manage project process.

You do not update the WBS during the close project or phase process.

You do not update the activity list during the close project or phase process.

Reference:
Close Project or Phase
PMBOK guide, 4th Edition
Chapter 4

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