Implement and Manage a Windows Server 2003 Network Infrastructure

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These practice test questions from MeasureUp are based on Microsoft's exam 70-291: Implementing, Managing and Maintaining a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network Infrastructure.

The audience for this exam includes individuals who manage a network infrastructure that consists of at least three physical locations and multiple Active Directory domain controllers.

Experience with configuring and managing network-related protocols and services such as these will help you prepare for this exam: Internet protocol (IP) addressing, classless inter-domain routing (CIDR), name resolution services, and routing and remote access.

To pass this exam, you should also be able to secure computers and networks and use tools such as Network Monitor, System Monitor and Event Viewer.

By passing exam 70-291, you earn the Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP) certification. You also earn credit toward these certifications:

Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator (MCSA) on Windows Server 2003
Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE) on Windows Server 2003

Objective: Implementing, Managing, and Maintaining Routing and Remote Access.
SubObjective: Manage TCP/IP routing. Manage routing protocols.

Multiple answers, multiple choice.

You are the network administrator for your company. All servers are running Microsoft Windows Server 2003.

Several servers on the network have been configured as routers to connect multiple subnets. You have implemented Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) on the network. You manage Area1BR, which is a computer running Windows Server 2003 that is configured as an area border router (ABR). Area1BR is connected to Area 0.0.0.0 and to Area 1. For Area 1, Area1BR advertises the summarized route 172.31.0.0/18.

Which two Internet protocol (IP) addresses define subnets that you can include in Area1? (Choose two.)

A. 172.31.96.0/18
B. 172.31.160.0/18
C. 172.31.224.0/18
D. 172.31.128.0/18
E. 172.31.192.0/18

Answers:
D, E

Tutorial:
You can include the subnets 172.31.128.0/18 and 172.31.192.0/18 in Area1. With the routing protocol OSPF, an area consists of contiguous subnets that can be represented by using route summarization. The network prefix "/18" indicates that the first 18 bits represent the subnet identifiers (IDs). This includes the first two bits of the third octet. The subnets that can be defined in this octet are represented in binary notation as 00000000, 01000000, 10000000 and 11000000. In decimal notation, the value of the subnet ID in the third octet can be 0, 64, 128 or 192.

The address 172.31.96.0/18 represents a host on subnet 172.31.64.0.

The address 172.31.160.0/18 represents a host on subnet 172.31.128.0.

The address 172.31.224.0/18 represents a host on subnet 172.31.192.0.

Note that with classless inter-domain routing (CIDR), you can use the all zeroes and all ones subnets if the routers and hosts in your network support these subnets. Computers running Windows Server 2003, Windows 2000 Server, Windows 2000 Professional or Windows XP Professional support these subnets. Routing protocols used with CIDR advertise the subnet mask as well as the subnet identifier for each subnet rather than relying on the value in the first octet of an Internet protocol (IP) address to designate the subnet mask.

References:
Lesson: Enabling and Configuring the Routing and Remote Access Service
Course 2277: Implementing, Managing and Maintaining a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network Infrastructure: Network Services
Module 8

Lesson: Overcoming Limitations of the IP Addressing Scheme
Course 2276: Implementing a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network Infrastructure: Network Hosts
Module 2


Objective: Maintaining a Network Infrastructure.
SubObjective: Monitor network traffic. Tools might include Network Monitor and System Monitor.

Multiple answers, multiple choice.

You are the network administrator for your organization. All servers are running Microsoft Windows Server 2003. Client computers are running Microsoft Windows XP Professional.

Users on the network report that AppSrv-01 is sometimes slow to respond. The server is running a business-critical application. You discover that there is an excessive amount of network traffic going to and coming from the server.

You want to monitor network traffic on AppSrv-01 by using Network Monitor. However, you do not want any captured data overwritten, and you only want to capture header information.

What should you do? (Each correct answer presents part of the solution. Choose two.)

A. Increase the size of the buffer.
B. Select the Prompt to Save Data option from the Options menu.
C. Configure a new capture filter.
D. Decrease the frame size setting.
E. Create a display filter.

Answers:
A, D

Tutorial:
By default, Network Monitor has a default buffer size of 1 MB. This means that after it collects 1 MB of data, it will begin to overwrite the trace. To prevent this from happening, you should edit the Buffer Settings and increase the buffer size.

You can capture just the headers that are sent by altering the Frame Size setting. This can be done by selecting Buffer Settings from the Capture menu. The default frame size is Full, which means it captures the entire frame.

You should not select the Prompt to Save Data option from the Options menu. This only determines whether or not Network Monitor will prompt you to save data when you close a Network Monitor window.

You should not create a capture filter. This determines the type of data that Network Monitor will capture.

You should not create a display filter. This is used to filter data after a capture has been completed. It does not impact what data is captured.

References:
How to use Network Monitor to Capture Network Traffic
Microsoft Help and Support
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/812953

Network Monitor Tool
Microsoft TechNet
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc781152(WS.10).aspx

Objective: Implementing, Managing and Maintaining Network Security.
SubObjective: Install and configure software update infrastructure. Install and configure software update services.

Single answer, multiple choice.

You install Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) on a computer running Microsoft Windows 2003 Standard Edition. The update server is synchronizing from Microsoft Update as shown in the exhibit.

You need to modify the configuration settings for synchronization.

What must you do first?

A. Click Stop Synchronizing from the selections on the left.
B. Click Home in the banner at the top.
C. Click Updates in the banner at the top.
D. Click Options in the banner at the top.

Answer:
A

Tutorial:
The first thing you must do is click Stop Synchronizing. You cannot change the synchronization settings while synchronization is running. Synchronizing will halt when you click Stop Synchronizing, and the synchronization settings will be enabled. You can then change the settings and, if you want, restart synchronization.

You should not first click Home in the banner at the top. You would take this step to open the updates services administration home page. Before you could change the settings, you must still stop synchronizing. The Home page includes a command to do this.

You should not first click Updates in the banner at the top. You would do this to view the available updates and update options. You cannot modify synchronization settings from this page.

You should not first click Options in the banner at the top. You would do this to display the Options menu. The menu lets you access synchronization, automatic update authorization and computer options. You cannot directly modify the synchronization options from this page.

References:
Setting Up and Running Synchronizations
Microsoft TechNet
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc708517(WS.10).aspx

Step 4: Configure Updates and Set Up Synchronization
Microsoft TechNet
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc708447(WS.10).aspx

Objective: Implementing, Managing and Maintaining Name Resolution.
SubObjective: Install and configure the DNS server service. Configure DNS forwarding.

Single answer, multiple choice.

You manage the servers for one of your company's branch offices. This office does not have a connection to the Internet, but it does have a dedicated connection to your company's main office. You install the domain name system (DNS) server service on a computer named DNS-Branch5 that is running Windows Server 2003. You create a DNS zone named branch5.bcdtrain.com on DNS-Branch5, and you configure the client computers and other servers at your office to use DNS-Branch5 as their DNS server. The DNS administrator at your company's main office delegates the subdomain branch5.bcdtrain.com to DNS-Branch5.

You want all DNS queries for Internet-based resources to be processed by DNS-Main, which is a computer running DNS and Windows Server 2003 at the main office. You also want to minimize the amount of DNS traffic on your network.

What should you do to accomplish these goals?

A. Configure DNS-Branch5 as a forwarder.
B. Add the Internet protocol (IP) address of DNS-Main to the Root Hints of DNS-Branch5.
C. Configure DNS-Branch5 to use DNS-Main as a forwarder.
D. Define the Internet protocol (IP) address of DNS-Main as an alternate DNS server for your client computers and servers.

Answer:
C

Tutorial:
You should configure DNS-Branch5 to use DNS-Main as a forwarder to accomplish your goals. When you do so, you should also select the option "Do not use recursion for this domain" for the entry "All Other DNS Domains" on the Forwarders tab of the Properties dialog box of DNS-Branch5 in the DNS console. With this option enabled, DNS-Branch5 will forward all requests to DNS-Main that cannot be answered from data in the zone that it hosts or from its DNS cache.

You should not configure DNS-Branch5 as a forwarder. A forwarder is a DNS server to which DNS queries are forwarded, not a DNS server that does the forwarding. You do not have to configure a DNS server to be a forwarder.

You should not add the IP address of DNS-Main to the Root Hints of DNS-Branch5. You should use Root Hints to identify root name servers that a DNS server should use. If a DNS server can access the Internet, the Root Hints should include the addresses of the Internet's root name servers, which can be loaded from the file named cache.dns that is copied to a server when you install the DNS server service on the server. If a DNS server cannot access the Internet, you should add the IP address of the DNS server or servers that host the root zone for your internal network.

You should not define the IP address of DNS-Main as an alternate DNS server for your client computers and servers. Because one of your goals is to minimize the amount of DNS traffic on your network, you should not configure computers to use multiple DNS servers. By configuring the computers to use only DNS-Branch5, you reduce overall DNS traffic because DNS-Branch5 can cache information it receives from DNS-Main and then use this cached information to respond to DNS queries from other computers on the branch network.

References:
Overview of DNS
Microsoft Windows Server 2003 TCP/IP Protocols and Services Technical Reference
Chapter 17

Controlling Access to DNS Servers Outside the Organization
Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Administrator's Pocket Consultant
Chapter 20

Lesson: Configuring the DNS Server Service
Course 2277: Implementing, Managing and Maintaining a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network Infrastructure: Network Services
Module 4

Objective: Implementing, Managing and Maintaining IP Addressing.
SubObjective: Troubleshoot TCP/IP addressing. Diagnose and resolve issues related to automatic private IP addressing (APIPA).

Single answer, multiple choice.

You are an administrator for a large organization. Servers on the network run Windows Server 2003. Client computers run Windows XP Professional.

You have added a router to your network to create a new subnet. The client computers on the new subnet are having trouble connecting to the servers. One of the client computers has an IP address of 169.254.10.22. The dynamic host configuration protocol (DHCP) server on the network is working properly.

You need to correct the problem using as little administrative effort as possible.

What should you do?

A. Disable automatic private IP addressing (APIPA) on the client computers.
B. Install a DHCP relay agent on the network.
C. Configure the client computers with static IP addresses.
D. Install a DHCP server on the subnet.

Answer:
B

Tutorial:
The IP address of 169.254.10.22 on the client computer indicates that it has been configured by APIPA. Installing a DHCP relay agent will allow a DHCP server to assign IP addresses to subnets of which it is not a part. The DHCP relay agent is installed on a router or on a client computer on an alternate subnet. It forwards requests to the DHCP server on the other subnet. This would allow the proper IP addresses to be assigned to the client computers so they can communicate on their subnets.

The client computers could not connect to a DHCP server on the network, so they assigned themselves IP addresses from the pool of addresses used for APIPA. These addresses are in the range of 169.254.0.1 to 169.254.255.254, which is the range of addresses reserved for Microsoft for APIPA. Disabling APIPA would cause the client computers to receive all zeroes for the IP addresses.

Configuring the client computers with static IP addresses would work. However, with a large number of client computers in an enterprise, this would be a cumbersome task to maintain.

Installing a DHCP server on the subnet will provide IP addresses to the client computers, but it does not meet the goal of using as little administrative effort as possible.

References:
Lesson: Configuring a DHCP Relay Agent
Course 2277: Implementing, Managing and Maintaining a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network Infrastructure: Network Services
Module 1

Troubleshooting DHCP Clients
Microsoft TechNet
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc757164(WS.10).aspx

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